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Neuropharmacology. 2002 May;42(6):855-63.

Evidence for protean agonism of RX 831003 at alpha 2A-adrenoceptors by co-expression with different G alpha protein subunits.

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Centre de Recherche Pierre Fabre, Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, 17, avenue Jean Moulin, 81106 Castres Cedex, France.


Intrinsic properties of alpha(2) AR ligands were investigated by measuring two distinct signalling pathways via the alpha(2A) AR protein in CHO-K1 cells: (i) a Ca(2+) response mediated by a promiscuous G(alpha 15) protein; and (ii) a pertussis toxin-resistant [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding response mediated by a G(alpha o)Cys(351)Ile protein. The dexefaroxan analogue RX 831003 was virtually without intrinsic activity at the wt alpha(2A) AR via a G(alpha 15) protein, but induced a partial positive Ca(2+) response [pEC(50): 7.79 (0.17), E(max): 38+/-1% vs (-)-adrenaline] at the mutant Thr(373L)ys alpha(2A) AR. RX 831003 displayed a similar potency (pIC(50): 7.68 (0.21) for both the wt (E(max): -18+/-4%) and Thr(373)Lys alpha(2A) AR (E(max): -19+/-4%) inhibition of basal [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding via a G(alpha o)Cys(351)Ile protein. These data indicate that the alpha(2) AR ligand RX 831003 behaves as a protean agonist at the alpha(2A) AR and that its activity is highly dependent on the co-expressed G(alpha) protein subunit.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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