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Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2002 Apr 27;146(17):799-802.

[Summary of The Dutch College of General Practitioners' 'Irritable bowel syndrome' standard].

[Article in Dutch]

Author information

1
Nederlands Huisartsen Genootschap, Postbus 3231, 3502 GE Utrecht.

Abstract

The diagnosis of 'irritable bowel syndrome' can usually already be established after history-taking and a limited physical examination, particularly if the symptoms have persisted for many years in the same form. Additional investigations are indicated in the case of diarrhoea which lasts longer than 2 weeks, especially if the patient is also severely unwell or has rectal bleeding; further investigations are also required if older patients experience the symptoms for the first time, if there is blood loss upon defecation, if unintentional weight loss occurs or if a mass is felt on the left side of the abdomen. Further investigations consist of a rectal examination, measurement of the sedimentation, haemoglobin concentration and leukocyte count, sigmoidoscopy and an X-ray of the colon. Treatment should aim to reduce unnecessary concern and avoidance behaviour, and to positively influence additional stress-inducing factors, nutrition and physical activity. Medication is not indicated except for laxatives if constipation plays an important role and if advice about nutrition and physical activity provide insufficient relief.

PMID:
12014237
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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