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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2002 Mar-Apr;52(2):218-27.

[Effect of chronic disconnection between septal area and hypothalamus on modulation of background activity of septal neurons by biologically-active substances in hibernators].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

1
Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Pushchino Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Abstract

Our previous work demonstrated paradoxically increased excitability of the medial septal (MS) neurons during hibernation of ground squirrels in comparison to waking animals. Recently this was supported by demonstration of higher efficacy of the neuropeptides identified in the brain of hibernators in septal slices of hibernating animals. To decide whether this increased excitability is determined by endogenous properties of the pacemaker septal neurons, or it depends on the influences of thermoregulatory-circadian mechanisms of preoptico-hypothalamic area, testing of the neuropeptides (TSKYR, TSKY, DY) and neurotransmitters participating in control of hibernation (serotonin and noradrenaline) was repeated on septal slices taken from the brain of hibernating animals two weeks after operation disconnecting it from the hypothalamus. Effects of neuropeptides in the deafferented hibernating animals neither quantitatively (low reactivity level), nor qualitatively (distribution of inhibitory and excitatory responses) differed from the data obtained in waking animals. Decrease of reactivity occurred at the expense of the neurons with regular pacemaker-like spontaneous activity. Thus, increased reactivity of the MS neurons to neuropeptides in hibernating animals depends mainly on influence of the hypothalamic centres controlling hibernation behavior upon pacemaker neurons of the MS. Contrary to the neuropeptides, serotonin and noradrenaline were highly effective in deafferented septum. They evoked stronger changes of background activity (shorter latencies and more rapid development of maximal shifts), presumably as a result of development of denervation hypersensitivity after deafferentation.

PMID:
12013659
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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