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Int Immunopharmacol. 2002 Apr;2(5):603-30.

Cyclooxygenases and prostaglandins: shaping up the immune response.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University School of Medicine, Rome, Italy.


The relevance of cyclooxygenases (COX)-1 and -2 and their products to inflammation, thrombosis and gastroprotection are well known. Their importance in the immune response was first recognized more than 25 years ago, but has only gained widespread attention recently. In this review, we attempt to integrate information on prostanoids and both the innate and acquired immune responses, including effects on leukocytes, antigen presenting cells, dendritic cells, T and B lymphocytes. Prostanoids may be relevant to immunotolerance, autoimmune disorders, transplantation, immunologic defense against tumors, acquired immunodeficiencies and viral infections. Insight into the role of prostanoids in immune function may afford novel therapeutic opportunities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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