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Chemistry. 2002 May 17;8(10):2288-301.

Diastereoselective noncovalent synthesis of hydrogen-bonded double-rosette assemblies.

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Laboratory of Supramolecular Chemistry and Technology, MESA+ Research Institute, University of Twente, P. O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands.


Chiral centers present either in the dimelamine components of calix[4]arene 1 or in the cyanurate components CA quantitatively induce one handedness (P or M) in the corresponding hydrogen-bonded assemblies 1(3).(CA)(6) (de>98 %). The high degree of chiral induction results from the presence of six chiral centers in close proximity (C(alpha)) to the core of the assembly. A much lower level of chiral induction is observed for assemblies with chiral centers that are more remote (C(beta)). All diastereomerically pure assemblies 1(3).(CA)(6) exhibit very high CD activities (deltavarepsilon(max) approximately 100 L mol(-1) cm(-1)), in sharp contrast to the low CD activities (deltavarepsilon(max)<or=8 L mol(-1) cm(-1)) shown by the free components. The assemblies display spontaneous resolution under thermodynamically controlled conditions (i.e., heteromeric assemblies containing both peripheral R and S centers are not observed. Remarkable assembly behavior is observed if both components 1 and CA are chiral. In general, formation of well-defined assemblies is only observed when both components contain unidirectional information for the induction of either M or P chirality.

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