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Exp Brain Res. 2002 May;144(2):172-7. Epub 2002 Mar 19.

Changes in cerebral haemodynamics, regional oxygen saturation and amplitude-integrated continuous EEG during hypoxia-ischaemia and reperfusion in newborn piglets.

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Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre, PO Box 85090, 3508 AB Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Perinatal asphyxia models are necessary to obtain knowledge of the pathophysiology of hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) and to test potential neuroprotective strategies. The present study was performed in newborn piglets to obtain information about simultaneous changes in cerebral oxygenation and haemodynamics and electrocortical brain activity during a 60-min period of HI and up to 2 h of reperfusion using near infrared spectrophotometry (NIRS) and the amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG). HI was induced by occluding both carotid arteries and decreasing the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO(2)) to 0.08-0.12 for 60 min. The mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) and heart rate increased, the oxygenated haemoglobin (O(2)Hb) decreased, and the deoxygenated haemoglobin (HHb) increased, but total haemoglobin (tHb) remained stable during the 60-min HI period. The regional oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) was significantly decreased during the whole HI period, as was the electrocortical brain activity. Upon reperfusion and reoxygenation, the MABP normalised to baseline values but the heart rate remained increased. O(2)Hb and HHb recovered to baseline values and tHb remained unchanged. As indicated by the unchanged tHb values during the HI period, it was suggested that compensatory cerebral perfusion occurred during this period, probably via the vertebrobasilar arterial system. Furthermore, in this model a clear hyperperfusion period directly upon reperfusion and reoxygenation is not present. rSO(2) showed a quick recovery to baseline values, but the aEEG-measured electrocortical brain activity remained reduced following HI. In conclusion, the rSO(2) and aEEG showed a different time profile following perinatal asphyxia. The stable tHb during HI and reperfusion in this model differs from observations in human neonates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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