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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jul 26;277(30):26950-8. Epub 2002 May 14.

Store depletion-activated CaT1 currents in rat basophilic leukemia mast cells are inhibited by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate. Evidence for a regulatory component that controls activation of both CaT1 and CRAC (Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) channel) channels.

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  • 1Institute for Biophysics, University of Linz, A-4040 Linz, Austria.

Abstract

The intestinal Ca(2+) transport protein CaT1 encoded by TRPV6 has been reported (Yue, L., Peng, J. B., Hediger, M. A., and Clapham, D. E. (2001) Nature 410, 705-709) to be all or a part of the Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) channel (CRAC). The major characteristic of CRAC is its activation following store depletion. We expressed CaT1 in HEK293 cells and rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) mast cells and measured whole-cell currents by the patch clamp technique. In HEK293 cells, the expression of CaT1 consistently yielded a constitutively active current, the size of which was strongly dependent on the holding potential and duration of voltage ramps. In CaT1-expressing RBL cells, the current was either activated by store depletion or was constitutively active at a higher current density. CaT1 currents could be clearly distinguished from endogenous CRAC by their typical current-voltage relationship in divalent free solution. 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB), which is considered a blocker of CRAC, was tested for its inhibitory effect on both cell types expressing CaT1. Endogenous CRAC as well as store-dependent CaT1-derived currents of RBL cells were largely blocked by 75 microm 2-APB, whereas constitutively active CaT1 currents in both RBL and HEK293 cells were slightly potentiated. These results indicate that despite the difference in the permeation properties of CRAC and CaT1 channels, the latter are similarly able to form store depletion-activated conductances in RBL mast cells that are inhibited by 2-APB.

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