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Anal Biochem. 2002 May 15;304(2):166-73.

A multiparameter screening assay to assess the cytokine-induced expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules.

Author information

1
Novartis Pharma AG, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

Compounds which inhibit endothelial cell inflammatory responses are believed to be of therapeutic value. The cell adhesion molecules E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 play important roles in inflammatory reactions by mediating leukocyte-endothelial interactions. To identify compounds which inhibit the expression of these adhesion molecules following cytokine stimulation we developed an assay which measures E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 in the same experiment. For this, we have taken advantage of the technology of time-resolved fluorimetry, which allows detection of several parameters in parallel, employing anti-E-selectin antibody labeled with europium, and anti-ICAM-1 and anti-VCAM-1 labeled with samarium and terbium, respectively. These antibodies were used to detect the respective antigens in human endothelial cells stimulated with TNFalpha or IL-1beta. In cross-competition assays these antibodies were found to bind specifically to TNF- or IL-1-stimulated cells. This assay, in which three parameters are measured in the same experiment, proved to be robust with signal to noise ratios of 25-35 for E-Selectin, 4-8 for ICAM-1, and 3-9 for VCAM-1. The assay proved to be reproducible in high-throughput screening. The experience with this assay demonstrates that multiple parameters can be measured in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-type assay on cells by using time-resolved fluorimetry. The possibility of obtaining several parameters from one experiment is feasible under high-throughput screening conditions and is of interest for other experimental setups in which the simultaneous measurement of several parameters is desired.

PMID:
12009692
DOI:
10.1006/abio.2002.5626
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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