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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 May 20;1597(1):81-9.

A new syringopeptin produced by bean strains of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche A. Rossi-Fanelli, Università di Roma La Sapienza, P.le A. Moro, 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.


Two strains (B728a and Y37) of the phytopathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae isolated from bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) plants were shown to produce in culture both syringomycin, a lipodepsinonapeptide secreted by the majority of the strains of the bacterium, and a new form of syringopeptin, SP(22)Phv. The structure of the latter metabolite was elucidated by the combined use of mass spectrometry (MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and chemical procedures. Comparative phytotoxic and antimicrobial assays showed that SP(22)Phv did not differ substantially from the previously characterized syringopeptin 22 (SP(22)) as far as toxicity to plants was concerned, but was less active in inhibiting the growth of the test fungi Rhodotorula pilimanae and Geotrichum candidum and of the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus megaterium.

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