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Curr Biol. 2002 Apr 30;12(9):724-9.

Importance of a myosin II-containing progenitor for actomyosin ring assembly in fission yeast.

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Cell Division Laboratory, Institute of Molecular Agrobiology, The National University of Singapore, 1 Research Link, Singapore 117604, Singapore.


An actomyosin-based contractile ring provides the forces necessary for cell cleavage in several organisms [1-3]. Myosin II is an essential component of the actomyosin ring and has also been detected as a "spot" in interphase Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells [4-5]. It is currently unknown if this myosin II-containing spot is important for cytokinesis. In this study, we characterize this myosin II-containing spot using a combination of genetic and cell biological analyses. Whereas myosin II at the actomyosin ring undergoes rapid turnover, myosin II at the spot does not. Maintenance of the myosin II-containing spot is independent of F-actin function. Interestingly, maintenance of this myosin II spot in interphase requires the function of Rng3p, a UCS domain-containing protein, the Caenorhabditis elegans homolog of which has recently been shown to be a cochaperone for myosin II assembly [6]. Disassembly of the spot in interphase prevents actomyosin ring formation in the subsequent mitosis, implying that the spot might represent a progenitor that is important for assembly of the actomyosin ring. Given that mitosis represents a short period of the fission yeast cell cycle, organization of this progenitor structure in interphase might ensure proper assembly of the actomyosin ring and successful cell division.

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