Send to

Choose Destination
Antioxid Redox Signal. 2002 Apr;4(2):249-57.

Activation of the mouse heme oxygenase-1 gene by 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) is mediated by the stress response elements and transcription factor Nrf2.

Author information

Department of Molecular Genetics, Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation, New Orleans, LA 70121, USA.


The mechanism of heme oxygenase-1 (ho-1) gene activation by 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) was examined. 15d-PGJ(2) stimulated expression of HO-1 mRNA and protein and of a mouse ho-1 gene promoter/luciferase fusion construct (HO15luc) in a dose-dependent manner in mouse hepatoma (Hepa) cells. HO15luc expression was not effected by troglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) ligand, but induction by 15d-PGJ(2) was abrogated by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine. The primary 15d-PGJ(2) responsive sequences were localized to a 5' distal enhancer (E1) and identified as the stress-response element, previously shown to mediate ho-1 activation by several agents, including heme and heavy metals. Treatment of Hepa cells with 15d-PGJ(2) stimulated stress-response element-binding activity as judged by electrophoretic mobility shift assays. Antibody "supershift" experiments identified NF-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), but not Fos, Jun, or activating transcription factor/cyclic AMP response element binding protein transcription factors, within the 15d-PGJ(2)-induced complexes. Similarly, a dominant-negative mutant of Nrf2, but not of c-Jun or c-Fos, abrogated 15d-PGJ(2)-stimulated E1 transcription activity. Finally, prior induction of HO-1 in RAW264.7 mouse macrophages by 15d-PGJ(2) attenuated cell death caused by diesel exhaust particle extracts. These results demonstrate that induction of mouse HO-1 expression by 15d-PGJ(2) is independent of PPAR-gamma but dependent on oxidative stress, is regulated by the oxidative stress-activated transcription factor Nrf2, and provides cytoprotective activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center