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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2002 Jun;282(6):L1198-208.

Parathyroid hormone-related protein response to hyperoxic lung injury.

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  • 1Research, Anesthesiology, and Medicine Services, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, USA.


Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a growth inhibitor for alveolar type II cells. Type II cell proliferation after lung injury from 85% oxygen is regulated, in part, by a fall in lung PTHrP. In this study, we investigated lung PTHrP after injury induced by >95% oxygen in rats and rabbits. In adult rats, lung PTHrP rose 10-fold over controls to 6,356 +/- 710 pg/ml (mean +/- SE) at 48 h of hyperoxia. Levels fell to 299 +/- 78 pg/ml, and staining for PTHrP mRNA was greatly reduced at 60 h (P < 0.05), the point of most severe injury and greatest pneumocyte proliferation. In adult rabbits, lung PTHrP peaked at 3,289 +/- 230 pg/ml after 64 h of hyperoxia with 24 h of normoxic recovery and then dropped to 1,629 +/- 153 pg/ml at 48 h of recovery (P < 0.05). Type II cell proliferation peaked shortly after the fall in PTHrP. In newborn rabbits, lavage PTHrP increased by 50% during the first 8 days of hyperoxia, whereas type II cell growth decreased. PTHrP declined at the LD(50), concurrent with increased type II cell division. In summary, lung PTHrP initially rises after injury with >95% hyperoxia and then falls near the peak of injury. Changes in PTHrP are temporally related to type II cell proliferation and may regulate repair of lung injury.

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