Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biol Trace Elem Res. 2002 Apr;86(1):55-64.

Vitamin E and selenium administration as a modulator of antioxidant defense system: biochemical assessment and modification.

Author information

Department of Biological Radiation, National Centre for Radiation Research and Technology, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt.


Exposure of cells to ionizing radiation leads to the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that are associated with radiation-induced cytotoxicity. Because of the serious damaging potential of ROS, cells depend on the elaboration of the antioxidant defense system (AODS), both enzymatic and nonenzymatic oxidant defense mechanisms. The deficiency in important components of the endogenous AODS leads to the accumulation of oxidative stress inducing oxidative damage. The antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase are key intracellular antioxidants in the metabolism of ROS. In the current study, we investigated the potential role of these antioxidant enzymes in radioresistance during the evaluation of the compensatory role of some exogenous micronutrients against oxidative stress Animals were categorized into eight groups, receiving vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) and/or selenium (Se) with or without whole-body gamma-irradiation (6.5 Gy). The results indicate that antioxidant pretreatments before irradiation may have some beneficial effects against irradiation-induced injury. The results also indicate that selenium and vitamin E act alone and in an additive fashion as radioprotecting agents. The results further suggest that selenium confers protection in part by inducing or activating cellular free-radical scavenging systems and by enhancing peroxide breakdown, whereas vitamin E appears to confer its protection by an alternate complementary mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center