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Chemosphere. 2002 Mar;46(9-10):1329-33.

PCDD/F-contamination in a hexachlorocyclohexane waste site in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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CESTEH/ENSP/FIOCRUZ, Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.


In the 1950s, a production plant of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) was established in Brazil with the main purpose of producing chemicals for vectors control. This factory was closed down in 1955 and around 300 tons of production residues were left behind in the open air. In 1995, the area was treated with lime to eliminate the HCH contamination. Soil sample gave a PCDD/F concentration of 13,900 ng I-TEQ/kg whereas samples from the neighborhood ranged from 0.19 to 2.08 ng I-TEQ/kg. PCDD/F levels in cow's milk samples varied from 4.1 to 6.5 pg I-TEQ/g of milk fat. High concentration in soil collected from the site suggests that treatment and recovery shall be made. Further dioxin monitoring is needed to better estimate the risk posed to local population through food consumption and soil usage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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