Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Rev Immunol. 2002 Apr;2(4):251-62.

Effector and memory T-cell differentiation: implications for vaccine development.

Author information

Emory Vaccine Center and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.


Recent work shows that after stimulation with antigen, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells embark on a programme of proliferation that is closely linked with the acquisition of effector functions and leads ultimately to memory-cell formation. Here, we discuss the signals required for commitment to this programme of development and the factors that might influence its progression. Models of the pathways of effector and memory T-cell differentiation are discussed, and we highlight the implications of this new understanding for the optimization of vaccine strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center