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J Biomed Mater Res. 2002 Jul;61(1):159-64.

In vitro degradation and fracture toughness of multilayered porous poly(propylene fumarate)/beta-tricalcium phosphate scaffolds.

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Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery and the Research Institute, University Hospitals of Cleveland, OH 44106-5044, USA.


This study investigated the in vitro degradation of poly(propylene fumarate)/beta-tricalcium phosphate (PPF/beta-TCP) scaffolds in pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered saline at 37 degrees C. Scaffold design consisted of three layers: two solid layers about a central layer of porous PPF foam. Solid PPF with molecular weights of 810 and 1450 Da was crosslinked under UV light. PPF foam was prepared by a photocrosslinking, porogen-leaching method with an initial porogen content of 80 wt % and two sizes, 150-300 and 300-500 microm. Comparison of initial and residual weights demonstrated a 14.3 +/- 2.0% loss of mass at 3 weeks and a 16.6 +/- 1.8% loss of mass at 6 weeks. Observed pH values for all constructs remained stable (7.15-7.40) throughout the 3 to 6 weeks. Scanning electron micrographs of these scaffolds revealed some loss of foam material between 3 and 6 weeks; however, foam microarchitecture was intact. Solid PPF fracture toughness was tested for high and low molecular weight PPF, 0.376 +/- 0.004 and 0.134 +/- 0.015 MPa(m)1/2, respectively. These values are roughly one magnitude less than human cortical bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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