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Prenat Diagn. 2002 May;22(5):380-4.

Prenatal diagnosis of a rhodopsin mutation using chemical cleavage of the mismatch.

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  • 1Department of Experimental Medicine, University of L'Aquila, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Mutations of the rhodopsin gene are responsible for autosomal dominant or recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The present study reports the first prenatal diagnosis performed on chorionic villi biopsy of a pregnant woman affected by a severe form of autosomal dominant transmitted RP, due to the Arg135Trp substitution.

METHODS:

The rhodopsin gene was analysed by automated direct sequencing and, for the first time, by fluorescence-assisted mismatch analysis (FAMA). The latter is an inexpensive, rapid and particularly sensitive method, based on the chemical cleavage of the mismatch in heteroduplex DNA molecules marked with strand-specific fluorophores.

RESULTS:

FAMA is a feasible procedure for prenatal molecular diagnosis of rhodopsin mutations. The redundancy of signals obtained by FAMA and its sensitivity make it suitable for identifying exactly the position of the mutation and the nucleotide substitution.

CONCLUSIONS:

An association is proposed between FAMA and automated direct sequencing procedures, in order to achieve optimal results in terms of reliability for prenatal diagnosis of rhodopsin mutations.

PMID:
12001191
DOI:
10.1002/pd.263
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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