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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 May;56(5):409-14.

Dietary magnesium intake in type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Switzerland. monika.waelti@ilw.agrl.ethz.ch

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Magnesium deficiency is common in type 2 diabetes and may have a negative impact on glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance, as well as on the evolution of complications such as retinopathy, thrombosis and hypertension.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the dietary magnesium intake of patients with type 2 diabetes in Zurich, Switzerland and to compare the magnesium intake of diabetic and non-diabetic subjects.

DESIGN:

The magnesium intake of 97 randomly selected patients with type 2 diabetes and 100 healthy, non-diabetic controls matched for age and sex was estimated using a diet history method. During winter and summer periods, mean daily magnesium intakes were calculated from detailed information given by the test subjects about their eating habits over the previous 2 months. The calculations were performed using EBIS, a computer program based on a German nutrient data base (BLS 2.3), with food items specific to Switzerland added or directly analysed when necessary.

RESULTS:

The mean+/-s.d. daily magnesium intake of the male diabetic and male control subjects was 423.2+/-103.1 and 421.1+/-111.0 mg, respectively. The mean daily magnesium intake of the female diabetic and female control subjects was 419.1+/-109.7 and 383.5+/-109.7 mg, respectively. There were no significant differences in daily magnesium intake between the diabetic and the non-diabetic subjects and mean intakes in both groups exceeded Swiss recommended dietary intakes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dietary intake of magnesium appears sufficient in Swiss adults with type 2 diabetes and is unlikely to contribute to the aetiology of magnesium deficiency.

SPONSORSHIP:

The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland.

PMID:
12001011
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601327
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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