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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jul 19;277(29):26565-72. Epub 2002 May 8.

Apolipoprotein A-I is necessary for the in vivo formation of high density lipoprotein competent for scavenger receptor BI-mediated cholesteryl ester-selective uptake.

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1
Department of Pharmacological Sciences, University Medical Center, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA.

Abstract

The severe depletion of cholesteryl ester (CE) in steroidogenic cells of apoA-I(-/-) mice suggests that apolipoprotein (apo) A-I plays a specific role in the high density lipoprotein (HDL) CE-selective uptake process mediated by scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) in vivo. The nature of this role, however, is unclear because a variety of apolipoproteins bind to SR-BI expressed in transfected cells. In this study the role of apoA-I in SR-BI-mediated HDL CE-selective uptake was tested via analyses of the biochemical properties of apoA-I(-/-) HDL and its interaction with SR-BI on adrenocortical cells, hepatoma cells, and cells expressing a transfected SR-BI. apoA-I(-/-) HDL are large heterogeneous particles with a core consisting predominantly of CE and a surface enriched in phospholipid, free cholesterol, apoA-II, and apoE. Functional analysis showed apoA-I(-/-) HDL to bind to SR-BI with the same or higher affinity as compared with apoA-I(+/+) HDL, but apoA-I(-/-) HDL showed a 2-3-fold decrease in the V(max) for CE transfer from the HDL particle to adrenal cells. These results indicate that the absence of apoA-I results in HDL particles with a reduced capacity for SR-BI-mediated CE-selective uptake. The reduced V(max) illustrates that HDL properties necessary for binding to SR-BI are distinct from those properties necessary for the transfer of HDL CE from the core of the HDL particle to the plasma membrane. The reduced V(max) for HDL CE-selective uptake likely contributes to the severe reduction in CE accumulation in steroidogenic cells of apoA-I(-/-) mice.

PMID:
12000760
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M203014200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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