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Angle Orthod. 2002 Apr;72(2):95-104.

Does the canine dental follicle cause resorption of permanent incisor roots? A computed tomographic study of erupting maxillary canines.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.


We performed computed tomography (CT) on 107 children and adolescents aged 9-15 years with 176 unerupted maxillary canines (152 erupting ectopically and 24 erupting normally) to determine whether there is an association between widened dental follicles of the maxillary canines and resorption of the adjacent incisors during eruption. Contiguous axial (transverse) CT scans were obtained through the maxilla in the region of the canines. The width and shape of the dental follicles were recorded, as were any contacts between the follicles and the crowns of the maxillary canines and neighboring incisors. Fifty-eight lateral incisors (38%) and 14 central incisors (9%) had some type of root resorption. The position of the maxillary canine in relation to the root of the lateral incisor varied greatly, as did the width and shape of the canine dental follicle. Follicle width ranged from 0.5 mm to 7.0 mm. The mean +/- SD width of dental follicles was, on average, larger for the ectopically positioned canines (2.9 +/- 0.8 mm) than for the normally erupting canines (2.5 +/- 0.8 mm) (P < or = .01). We found that during eruption, the follicle of the erupting maxillary canine frequently resorbed the periodontal contours of adjacent permanent teeth but not the hard tissues of the roots. We concluded that the dental follicle did not cause root resorption of permanent teeth. Resorption of neighboring permanent teeth during maxillary canine eruption was most probably an effect of the physical contacts between the erupting canine and the adjacent tooth, active pressure during eruption, and cellular activities in the tissues at the contact points, all of which are part of the eruptive mechanism. The findings also confirm an association between root resorption of deciduous canines and the dental follicles of erupting permanent canines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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