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Int J Hematol. 2002 Apr;75(3):289-97.

Biological significance of proliferation, apoptosis, cytokines, and monocyte/macrophage cells in bone marrow biopsies of 145 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome.

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Rush Cancer Institute, Rush-Presbyterian-St Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.


Labeling index (LI), apoptosis, levels of 2 pro-apoptotic cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and transforming growth factor-beta(TGF-beta), and the number of monocyte/macrophage cells that are the likely source of the cytokines were simultaneously measured in plastic-embedded bone marrow (BM) biopsy sections of 145 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). TNF-alpha was correlated with TGF-beta (P = .001) and with monocyte/macrophage cells (P = .003). Patients with excess blasts in their marrows had a higher TGF-beta level (P = .01) and monocyte/macrophage number (P = .05). In a linear regression model,TGF-beta emerged as the most significant biological difference between patients who have excess of blasts and those who do not (P = .01). We conclude that in addition to TNF-alpha, TGF-beta also plays a significant role in the initiation and pathogenesis of MDS, and that a more precise definition of its role will likely identify better preventive and therapeutic strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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