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Int J Food Microbiol. 2002 May 5;75(1-2):163-70.

Enterocin 416K1, an antilisterial bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus casseliflavus IM 416K1 isolated from Italian sausages.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio E., Modena, Italy.


Enterococci (118) from Italian sausages were tested for the production of antimicrobial substances. Of these, 7.6% showed antibacterial activity against one or several closely related microorganisms used as indicators. Enterococcus casseliflavus IM 416K1 in particular produced a bacteriocin (Enterocin 416K1) with strong anti-listerial antagonistic activity. The bacteriocin withstood heating at 90 degrees C for 120 min and storage at 4 degrees C for 6 months. The mode of action was identified as bactericidal. The crude activity of Enterocin 416K1 was linked to a molecule with an apparent molecular weight smaller than 5 kDa. Plasmid analysis of E. casseliflavus IM 416K1 revealed the presence of four plasmids with different molecular weights (34, 11, 7 and 3.3 MDa). All the Bac- variants produced by curing experiments showed loss of the single plasmid of 34 MDa. Bacteriocin activity and immunity production may be linked to genes located on that same plasmid.

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