Send to

Choose Destination
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Apr 24;1586(3):331-43.

Molecular basis of renal handling of calcium in response to thyroid hormone status of rat.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 012, India.


We investigated the effect of thyroid hormone status on renal handing of Ca2+. Further, like kinetics of Ca2+ transport across brush-border membrane (BBM) and basolateral membrane (BLM) of renal epithelial cells was carried out. FE(Ca) was decreased in hyperthyroid (Hyper-T) rats and increased in hypothyroid (Hypo-T) rats as compared to euthyroid (Eu-T) rats. Ca2+ uptake into renal brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV) was increased in Hyper-T rats and decreased in Hypo-T rats as compared to Eu-T rats. K(m) was lower in Hyper-T rats and higher in Hypo-T rats as compared to Eu-T rats whereas, V(max) remained unaltered. The transition temperature for calcium uptake varied inversely with the thyroid hormone status. Renal BBM of Hyper-T rats showed decreased anisotropy and polarisation of DPH as compared to EU-T rats whereas these values were increased in Hypo-T rats. Thus, the altered BBM fluidity appears to modulate Ca2+ transport across BBM. Na+/Ca2+ exchange activity of renal cells was increased in Hyper-T and decreased in Hypo-T rats as compared to Eu-T rats. V(max) for Na+/Ca2+ exchange was increased in Hyper-T rats and deceased in Hypo-T rats as compared to Eu-T rats, whereas, [Na+](0.5) was similar in all three groups. The c-AMP levels of renal cortex of Hyper-T rats was increased and that of Hypo-T rats decreased as compared to Eu-T rats. Thus, thyroid hormones increased Ca2+ reabsorption in the kidney of rat. Thyroid hormone-mediated modulation of BBM fluidity appears to stimulate Ca2+ uptake into renal BBMV. Thyroid hormones possibly activated the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger through cAMP-dependent pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center