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FEBS Lett. 2002 May 8;518(1-3):43-7.

Identification of a Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase sequence motif.

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Laboratory of Biochemistry, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.


Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMOs) form a distinct class of flavoproteins that catalyze the insertion of an oxygen atom in a C-C bond using dioxygen and NAD(P)H. Using newly characterized BVMO sequences, we have uncovered a BVMO-identifying sequence motif: FXGXXXHXXXW(P/D). Studies with site-directed mutants of 4-hydroxyacetophenone monooxygenase from Pseudomonas fluorescens ACB suggest that this fingerprint sequence is critically involved in catalysis. Further sequence analysis showed that the BVMOs belong to a novel superfamily that comprises three known classes of FAD-dependent monooxygenases: the so-called flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs), the N-hydroxylating monooxygenases (NMOs), and the BVMOs. Interestingly, FMOs contain an almost identical sequence motif when compared to the BVMO sequences: FXGXXXHXXX(Y/F). Using these novel amino acid sequence fingerprints, BVMOs and FMOs can be readily identified in the protein sequence databank.

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