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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 May;83(5):589-92.

Quantitative analysis of the relative effectiveness of 3 iliotibial band stretches.

Author information

1
Department of Functional Restoration, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5336, USA. michael.fredericson@stanford.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the relative effectiveness of 3 common standing stretches for the iliotibial band (ITB): arms at side (stretch A), arms extending overhead (stretch B), and arms reaching diagonally downward (stretch C).

DESIGN:

Each subject's biomechanics was captured as a 3-dimensional image by using a 4-camera gait acquisition system with a forceplate.

SETTING:

University biomotion laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS:

Five male elite-level distance runners.

INTERVENTIONS:

All participants performed each of the 3 standing stretches for the ITB.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

For each stretch, change in ITB tissue length and the force generated within the stretched complex was measured. Data were then combined and analyzed by using kinetic values assessment.

RESULTS:

All 3 stretches created statistically significant changes in ITB length (P<.05), but stretch B, incorporating overhead arm extension, was consistently most effective both for average ITB length change and average adduction moments at the hip and knee.

CONCLUSIONS:

Adding an overhead arm extension to the most common standing ITB stretch may increase average ITB length change and average external adduction moments in elite-level distance runners.

PMID:
11994795
DOI:
10.1053/apmr.2002.31606
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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