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J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2002 Spring;26(3):233-7.

Multidisciplinary evaluation and clinical management of mesiodens.

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Department of Orthodontics, University of Rome, Tor Vergata, Italy.


Supernumerary teeth are a disorder of odontogenesis relatively common in the oral cavity and characterized by an excess number of teeth. The term mesiodens is used to refer to an unerupted supernumerary tooth in the central region of the premaxilla between the two central incisors. The complications associated with mesiodens include: lack of eruption of permanent teeth, the deviation of the eruption path, rotations, retention, root re-absorption and pulp necrosis with loss of vitality, and diastema. Early detection of mesiodens is most important if such complications are to be avoided. This report describes the treatment of a maxillary central incisor impacted by a mesiodens. The case initially required only surgical treatment, to remove the supernumerary tooth. Successively, orthodontic therapy was done to bring into position the left permanent central incisor, which erupted physiologically, but rotated 90 degrees around along its long axis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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