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J AOAC Int. 2002 Mar-Apr;85(2):505-15.

Polymerase chain reaction-based methods for detection of Listeria monocytogenes: toward real-time screening for food and environmental samples.

Author information

1
Cornell University, Department of Food Science and Technology, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva 14456, USA. dn19@cornell.edu

Abstract

A review is presented of nucleic acid amplification-based methodology, specifically polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays, for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in food and environmental samples. Until recently, developmental challenges including poor sensitivity, due in part to reaction inhibition by components of the sample matrix, and the potential for false-positive reactions have limited routine application of PCR-based screening assays. Commercial assays address these challenges while offering convenient, standardized protocols, a high level of automation, and results within 2 days after the sampling date. Although sample enrichment is necessary to achieve desired detection limits, continued efforts toward template purification will facilitate the development of assays offering real-time, quantitative results. The development of ribonucleic acid (RNA) amplification-based assays may increase in importance, particularly if end-product testing is prioritized by regulatory agencies, as messenger RNA appears to serve as an accurate indicator of cell viability. Further, the increase in target copy number may improve assay sensitivity. PCR-based screening methods offer efficient, reliable results and are ideal for monitoring the presence of L. monocytogenes in foods and in the food processing environment.

PMID:
11990039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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