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Ann Epidemiol. 2002 May;12(4):257-63.

Reproduction life history and hip fractures.

Author information

1
Danish Center for Demographic Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The present study assesses the association between reproduction and hip fractures.

METHODS:

We used two surveys on elderly Danish twins of both sexes and the Danish National Register of Patients. In a cross-sectional study of 2045 twins aged 75-98 years in 1995, we studied the association between different aspects of reproduction and hip fractures leading to hospitalization between 1977 and 1994. In a prospective study, 3057 twins aged 66-99 years in 1977 were followed for a total of 29,112 years, and the association between number of children and incidence of hip fractures was investigated.

RESULTS:

In the cross-sectional study, as well as the prospective study, we found, for both sexes, that having no children was associated with a higher risk of hip fracture compared to having at least one child. When excluding persons without children, we found no effect of number of birth events/children. In the cross-sectional study, we found no effect of birth interval length or age at first birth. For women, we found an effect of age at last birth.

CONCLUSIONS:

No "cost-of-reproduction" in terms of hip fractures was observed. On the contrary, we found that having one or more children was associated with a lower risk of hip fracture.

PMID:
11988414
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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