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Br J Cancer. 2002 May 6;86(9):1396-400.

Interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1beta in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.

Abstract

As regulators of malignant cell behaviour and communication with stroma, cytokines have proved useful in understanding cancer biology and developing novel therapies. In renal cell carcinoma, patients with inflammatory reactions are known to have poor prognosis. In order to elucidate the relation between renal cell carcinoma and the host, serum levels of inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1beta, were measured. One hundred and twenty-two patients with renal cell carcinoma and 21 healthy control subjects were studied, and serum cytokine levels were measured using a highly sensitive ELISA kit. As a result, in the control group, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-1beta levels were 1.79+/-2.03, 2.74+/-0.94 and 0.16+/-0.17 pg ml(-1), respectively. In the renal cell carcinoma patients, they were 8.91+/-13.12, 8.44+/-4.15 and 0.53+/-0.57 pg ml(-1), respectively, and significantly higher. In the comparison of stage, interleukin-6 level was significantly higher in the stage IV group compared to the other stage groups including the control group, while tumour necrosis factor alpha level was significantly higher in each stage group compared to the control group. As for grade, interleukin-6 level was significantly higher in the grade 3 group compared to the control, grade 1 and grade 2 groups, while tumour necrosis factor alpha level was significantly higher in each grade group compared to the control group. All cytokines had a positive correlation with tumour size. In regard to the correlation with CRP, all cytokines had a positive correlation with CRP, while interleukin-6 had a particularly strong correlation. In conclusion, interleukin-6 may be one of the factors for the poor prognosis of patients with renal cell carcinoma. In addition, tumour necrosis factor alpha may be useful in the early diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma and post-operative follow-up.

PMID:
11986770
PMCID:
PMC2375361
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjc.6600257
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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