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Ann Surg Oncol. 2002 May;9(4):371-9.

Deficient expression of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase combined with mismatch-repair proteins hMLH1 and hMSH2 is related to poor prognosis in human biliary tract carcinoma.

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1
Department of Surgery, Saga Medical School, Saga, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is a DNA repair enzyme that transfers methyl groups from O(6)-methylguanine to itself. Alkylation of DNA at the O(6) position of guanine is an important step in the induction of mutations in the organism by alkylating agents. The O(6)-methyl G:T mismatch is recognized by the mismatch-repair (MMR) pathway. The biliary duct is highly exposed to alkylating agents because of its anatomical location.

METHODS:

We examined 39 surgically resected gallbladder carcinomas and 35 extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas and evaluated the expression of MGMT and MMR protein (hMLH1 and hMSH2) by immunohistochemical staining.

RESULTS:

MGMT-negative staining was detected in 59.0% of gallbladder carcinoma specimens and 60.0% of extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma specimens. In gallbladder carcinoma, hMLH1- and hMSH2-negative staining was observed in 51.3% and 59.0%, respectively, whereas in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma, the respective values were 57.1% and 65.7%. MGMT-negative staining correlated with hepatic invasion in gallbladder carcinoma and with poor prognosis in both types of tumor. Furthermore, a combined MGMT and MMR status was shown to be a more significant prognostic biomarker in both tumor types.

CONCLUSIONS:

Combined MGMT and MMR is a possible prognostic marker that probably reflects an accumulation of genetic mutations.

PMID:
11986189
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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