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J Gastrointest Surg. 2002 Jan-Feb;6(1):17-21.

Laparoscopic antireflux surgery and its effect on cough in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease.

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Department of Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.


In addition to heartburn and regurgitation, cough is a frequent nonspecific complaint of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. The incidence of alternative etiologies for patients with chronic cough who are undergoing antireflux surgery is not known. To determine this, and the response of chronic cough to fundoplication, we performed a retrospective review of 129 patients with proven gastroesophageal reflux referred for surgical therapy. Chronic cough was present in 37 (29%) preoperatively. No differences were found in age, sex, or preoperative manometric findings between those with and without chronic cough. Patients with cough had a higher number of lower esophageal reflux events on preoperative 24-hour pH testing, and were more likely to have persistent dysphagia after surgery. Fifty-nine percent of patients with cough had an alternative etiology for cough, compared to 36% of those without cough. Of the common alternative etiologies, only a history of postnasal drip occurred more frequently in those with cough. Complete resolution of cough occurred in 24 patients (64%), with another 10 (27%) reporting significant improvement. The average cough score improved significantly regardless of which coexisting etiology the patients may have had. Additionally, heartburn and regurgitation were improved in 94% of all patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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