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Anal Chem. 2002 Apr 15;74(8):1928-31.

Temperature gradient interaction chromatography and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry analysis of stereoregular poly(ethyl methacrylate)s.

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Department of Chemistry and Center for Integrated Molecular Systems, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Korea.


Temperature gradient interaction chromatography (TGIC) was applied for the separation of stereoregular poly(ethyl methacrylate) (PEMA) according to the tacticity. The three PEMA samples with differing tacticity (rr triad content 0, 53, and 91%) prepared by anionic polymerization were used. C18 bonded silica and a mixture of CH2Cl2 and CH3CN (30/70, v/v) were used as stationary and mobile phase, respectively. TGIC was able to separate the PEMA samples, showing the increasing retention in the order of decreasing rr triad contents; however TGIC elution peaks of the three PEMAs were not fully resolved but, rather, were partially overlapped. To isolate the tacticity effect from the molecular weight effect on the TGIC retention, the PEMA samples were fractionated by TGIC, and the accurate molecular weight of the fractions was determined by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The fractions showed a much narrower molecular weight distribution than the mother PEMAs. The TGIC fractions of similar molecular weight but with different tacticity were fully resolved by TGIC, but mother PEMAs were not. These results indicate that the retention in TGIC is affected by both tacticity and molecular weight.

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