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Microb Ecol. 2002 Jan;43(1):82-91. Epub 2002 Jan 23.

Bacterial distribution and phylogenetic diversity in the Changjiang estuary before the construction of the Three Gorges Dam.

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1
National Institute for Environmental Studies, 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan.

Abstract

The bacterial community structure in the Changjiang estuary was studied for comparison with future changes, related to the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. Population densities of bacteria in the surface water at station C1 estimated by CFU on marine agar plates and by DAPI direct count, were 2.8 x 10(4) ml(-1) and 4.2 x 10(5) ml(-1), respectively. Physicochemical properties of water, such as temperature and salinity, suggested that station C1 was affected by freshwater from the Changjiang River. Cluster analysis of the PCR-RFLP patterns obtained from 9 samples showed that the bacterial community structure at station C1 was different from the structure at the other stations. Bacterial diversity in the surface water at station C1 was studied based on the genotypes of the 250 clones of 16S rRNA, and on the phenotypes generated on Biolog GN plates for 70 isolates. Sequences of bacteria from two common marine groups, alpha- and gamma-Proteobacteria, were frequently observed. Some other divisions, including the beta-Proteobacteria, C/F/B group, low G+C gram positive, high G+C gram positive, chloroplasts, and relatives of Verrucomicrobia were also observed. The putative dominant species based on both genotype and phenotype analyses were close relatives of Alteromonas macleodii or Roseobacter spp. These results reflected the nutrient-rich environment at station C1.

PMID:
11984631
DOI:
10.1007/s00248-001-0034-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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