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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Apr 30;99(9):6228-33.

Neutrophils are indispensable for hematopoietic stem cell mobilization induced by interleukin-8 in mice.

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1
Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Department of Hematology, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Abstract

The CXC chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8/CXCL8) induces rapid mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). Previously we showed that mobilization could be prevented completely in mice by pretreatment with neutralizing antibodies against the beta2-integrin LFA-1 (CD11a). In addition, murine HPCs do not express LFA-1, indicating that mobilization requires a population of accessory cells. Here we show that polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) serve as key regulators in IL-8-induced HPC mobilization. The role of PMNs was studied in mice rendered neutropenic by administration of a single injection of antineutrophil antibodies. Absolute neutropenia was observed up to 3-5 days with a rebound neutrophilia at day 7. The IL-8-induced mobilizing capacity was reduced significantly during the neutropenic phase, reappeared with recurrence of the PMNs, and was increased proportionally during the neutrophilic phase. In neutropenic mice, the IL-8-induced mobilizing capacity was restored by the infusion of purified PMNs but not by infusion of mononuclear cells. Circulating metalloproteinase gelatinase B (MMP-9) levels were detectable only in neutropenic animals treated with PMNs in combination with IL-8, showing that in vivo activated PMNs are required for the restoration of mobilization. However, IL-8-induced mobilization was not affected in MMP-9-deficient mice, indicating that MMP-9 is not indispensable for mobilization. These data demonstrate that IL-8-induced mobilization of HPCs requires the in vivo activation of circulating PMNs.

PMID:
11983913
PMCID:
PMC122931
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.092112999
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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