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Clin Infect Dis. 2002 May 15;34(10):1310-6. Epub 2002 Apr 22.

Epidemiology and clinical spectrum of blastomycosis diagnosed at Manitoba hospitals.

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Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.


Blastomyces dermatitidis is a dimorphic fungus endemic to Canada and the United States. Few reports regarding blastomycosis in Canada have been published. We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 143 patients with confirmed cases of blastomycosis diagnosed in hospitals in Manitoba, Canada, from 1988 through 1999. The annual incidence rate of blastomycosis in Manitoba was 0.62 cases per 100,000 population, compared with 7.11 cases per 100,000 population in the Kenora, Ontario district. The average age of patients was 38.0 years, and males accounted for 65.0% of cases. An increased incidence of blastomycosis was observed in the Aboriginal subpopulation. Organ systems involved were as follows: respiratory system (93.0% of cases), skin (21.0%), bone (13.3%), genitourinary tract (1.4%), and the central nervous system (1.4%); 6.3% of patients died, and death was associated with a short clinical course. This study provides a summary of the current status of blastomycosis in this area of endemicity in Canada.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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