Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Oncol. 2002 May 1;20(9):2302-9.

Favorable impact of the t(9;11) in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.

Author information

Department of Hematology-Oncology, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105-2794, USA.



To determine the impact of MLL rearrangements on the outcome of children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).


We analyzed the clinical and biologic features of 298 infants and children with primary AML treated on four consecutive institutional clinical trials. The Kaplan-Meier method was used in survival analysis and the Cox proportional-hazards model was used to analyze the effect of potential prognostic factors on event-free survival (+/- 1 SE).


Molecular studies of 152 cases detected 42 with MLL rearrangements. The karyotypes of these 42 revealed the t(9;11) (15 cases), abnormalities of chromosomes 10 and 11 (nine cases), the t(11;19) (four cases), other abnormalities of 11q23 (seven cases), and miscellaneous rearrangements (seven cases). Among these 42 patients, the 15 whose leukemic cells carried the t(9;11) had a better outcome (66% +/- 15%) than the other 27 (25.9% +/- 11.2%; P =.004). Cases with the t(9;11) were also characterized by M5 AML morphology (21 of 23 cases). Of the 63 patients with M5 AML, the 21 whose leukemic cells demonstrated the t(9;11) had a better outcome (71.1% +/- 11%) than the other 42 (25.8% +/- 7.9%; P =.0004). The only independent factors indicating a favorable prognosis were presenting leukocyte count less than 50 x 10(9)/L (relative risk of relapse, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.55 to 0.97; P =.03) and the t(9;11) (relative risk of relapse, 0.32; 95% confidence interval, 0.16 to 0.64; P =.002).


We conclude that the t(9;11) is the most favorable genetic factor for patients with AML treated at our institution.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center