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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jun 14;277(24):21115-8. Epub 2002 Apr 29.

Two-state conformational changes in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor regulated by calcium.

Author information

1
Laboratory for Developmental Neurobiology, Brain Science Institute, RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198, Japan. hamada@ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Abstract

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) is a highly controlled calcium (Ca2+) channel gated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3). Multiple regulators modulate IP3-triggered pore opening by binding to discrete allosteric sites within IP3R. Accordingly we have postulated that these regulators structurally control ligand gating behavior; however, no structural evidence has been available. Here we show that Ca2+, the most pivotal regulator, induced marked structural changes in the tetrameric IP3R purified from mouse cerebella. Electron microscopy of the IP3R particles revealed two distinct structures with 4-fold symmetry: a windmill structure and a square structure. Ca2+ reversibly promoted a transition from the square to the windmill with relocations of four peripheral IP3-binding domains, assigned by binding to heparin-gold. Ca2+-dependent susceptibilities to limited digestion strongly support the notion that these alterations exist. Thus, Ca2+ appeared to regulate IP3 gating activity through the rearrangement of functional domains.

PMID:
11980893
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.C200244200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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