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Biochemistry. 2002 May 7;41(18):5873-82.

Adenosine triphosphate-induced electron transfer in 2-hydroxyglutaryl-CoA dehydratase from Acidaminococcus fermentans.

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Laboratorium für Mikrobiologie, Fachbereich Biologie, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Germany.


2-hydroxyglutaryl-CoA dehydratase from Acidaminococcus fermentans catalyzes the chemical difficult elimination of water from (R)-2-hydroxyglutaryl-CoA to glutaconyl-CoA. The enzyme consists of two oxygen-sensitive protein components, the homodimeric activator (A) with one [4Fe-4S]1+/2+ cluster and the heterodimeric dehydratase (D) with one nonreducible [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster and reduced riboflavin 5'-monophosphate (FMNH2). For activation, ATP, Mg2+, and a reduced flavodoxin (16 kDa) purified from A. fermentans are required. The [4Fe-4S](1+/2+) cluster of component A is exposed to the solvent since it is accessible to iron chelators. Upon exchange of the bound ADP by ATP, the chelation rate is 8-fold enhanced, indicating a large conformational change. Oxidized component A exhibits ATPase activity of 6 s(-1), which is completely abolished upon reduction by one electron. UV-visible spectroscopy revealed a spontaneous one-electron transfer from flavodoxin hydroquinone (E(0)' = -430 mV) to oxidized component A, whereby the [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster of component A became reduced. Combined kinetic, EPR, and Mössbauer spectrocopic investigations exhibited an ATP-dependent oxidation of component A by component D. Whereas the [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster of component D remained in the oxidized state, a new EPR signal became visible attributed to a d1-metal species, probably Mo(V). Metal analysis with neutron activation and atomic absorption spectroscopy gave 0.07-0.2 Mo per component D. In summary, the data suggest that in the presence of ATP one electron is transferred from flavodoxin hydroquinone via the [4Fe-4S]1+/2+ cluster of component A to Mo(VI) of component D, which is thereby reduced to Mo(V). The latter may supply the electron necessary for transient charge reversal in the unusual dehydration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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