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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 2002 May;52(1):33-42.

Regulation of flagellar dynein by the axonemal central apparatus.

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Dartmouth College, Department of Biological Sciences, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755, USA.


Numerous studies indicate that the central apparatus, radial spokes, and dynein regulatory complex form a signaling pathway that regulates dynein activity in eukaryotic flagella. This regulation involves the action of several kinases and phosphatases anchored to the axoneme. To further investigate the role of the central apparatus in this signaling pathway, we have taken advantage of a microtubule-sliding assay to assess dynein activity in central apparatus defective mutants of Chlamydomonas. Axonemes isolated from both pf18 and pf15 (lacking the entire central apparatus) and from pf16 (lacking the C1 central microtubule) have reduced microtubule-sliding velocity compared with wild-type axonemes. Based on functional analyses of axonemes isolated from radial spokeless mutants, we hypothesized that inhibitors of casein kinase 1 (CK1) and cAMP dependent protein kinase (PKA) would rescue dynein activity and increase microtubule-sliding velocity in central pairless mutants. Treatment of axonemes isolated from both pf18 and pf16 with DRB, a CK1 inhibitor, but not with PKI, a PKA inhibitor, restored dynein activity to wild-type levels. The DRB-induced increase in dynein-driven microtubule sliding was inhibited if axonemes were first incubated with the phosphatase inhibitor, microcystin. Inhibiting CK1 in pf15 axonemes, which lack the central pair as well as PP2A [Yang et al., 2000: J. Cell Sci. 113:91-102], did not increase microtubule-sliding velocity. These data are consistent with a model in which the central apparatus, and specifically the C1 microtubule, regulate dynein through interactions with the radial spokes that ultimately alter the activity of CK1 and PP2A. These data are also consistent with localization of axonemal CK1 and PP2A near the dynein arms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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