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Diabetes Metab. 2002 Apr;28(2):133-7.

Comparison of blood glucose stability and HbA1C between implantable insulin pumps using U400 HOE 21PH insulin and external pumps using lispro in type 1 diabetic patients: a pilot study.

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Service d'Endocrinologie, Hôpital Haut-Lévêque, avenue de Magellan, 33604 Pessac.



To assess the efficacy on blood glucose control of continuous peritoneal insulin infusion from implantable pump (CPII) compared with continuous subcutaneous infusion using insulin lispro (CSII-IL) in type 1 diabetic patients.


Fourteen type 1 diabetic patients (5 males and 9 women, age 50.6 +/- 12.8, diabetes duration 28.0 +/- 13.4 years) were treated with CSII-IL and CPII. Capillary blood glucose (BG) was monitored and recorded at least 4 times per day during 2 study periods of 45 days: using CSII-IL (period A), and from 45th to 90th day after implantation (period B). HbA1C was measured at the end of each period.


Both daily BG levels (145 +/- 18 vs 153 +/- 17 mg/dl, p<0.01) and preprandial BG levels (139 +/- 20 vs 147 +/- 22 mg/dl, p<0.05) were lower in period B. Although postprandial BG values tended to be lower in period B, this reduction did not reach statistical significance (149 +/- 20 vs 157 +/- 16 mg/dl, p=0.07). Meanwhile, SD of all BG values was lower with CPII (69 +/- 11 vs 79 +/- 17 mg/dl, p<0.01) and HbA1c levels were lower at the end of period B (7.3 +/- 0.9 vs 7.8 +/- 0.9%, p=0.04). Low blood glucose index was comparable during both periods (2.8 +/- 1.6 vs 3.1 +/- 1.5, p=0.4).


CPII may provide a better BG control and stability than CSII-IL. However, a long-term randomized prospective study is needed to confirm these improvements.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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