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Annu Rev Phys Chem. 2002;53:319-48. Epub 2001 Oct 4.

Electronic structure and catalysis on metal surfaces.

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1
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706; e-mail: jgreeley@cae.wisc.edu manos@engr.wisc.edu

Abstract

The powerful computational resources available to scientists today, together with recent improvements in electronic structure calculation algorithms, are providing important new tools for researchers in the fields of surface science and catalysis. In this review, we discuss first principles calculations that are now capable of providing qualitative and, in many cases, quantitative insights into surface chemistry. The calculations can aid in the establishment of chemisorption trends across the transition metals, in the characterization of reaction pathways on individual metals, and in the design of novel catalysts. First principles studies provide an excellent fundamental complement to experimental investigations of the above phenomena and can often allow the elucidation of important mechanistic details that would be difficult, if not impossible, to determine from experiments alone.

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