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J Lipid Res. 2002 May;43(5):676-84.

Bisphenol A in combination with insulin can accelerate the conversion of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts to adipocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Ehime College of Health Science, Takooda, Tobe-cho, Iyo-gun, Ehime 791-2101, Japan. hmasuno@ehime-chs.ac.jp

Abstract

The confluent cultures of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts were treated with or without bisphenol A (BPA) for 2 days and subsequently treated with insulin (INS) alone for 9 days. When BPA was absent during the first 2-day treatment period, the cultures contained 1.6 microg/microg DNA of triacylglycerol (TG), 202 mU/mg DNA of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity, and 462 nmol/min/mg DNA of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity. The presence of BPA during the same period caused a 150% increase in the TG content, a 60% increase in the LPL activity, and a 500% increase in the GPDH activity. Thus, BPA by itself can trigger 3T3-L1 fibroblasts to differentiate into adipocytes. Next, the confluent cultures were treated with BPA for 2 days and subsequently treated with a combination of INS and BPA for 9 days. The simultaneous presence of BPA with INS caused a 370% increase in the TG content, a 200% increase in the LPL activity, and a 225% increase in the GPDH activity compared with the cultures treated with INS alone. The amount of [(3)H]thymidine incorporated into DNA was lower in the cultures treated with INS in the presence of BPA than in those treated with INS alone, indicating that BPA has an anti-proliferative activity on 3T3-L1 cells. Taken together, our results indicate that BPA in combination with INS can accelerate the adipocyte conversion.

PMID:
11971937
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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