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Dev Cell. 2002 Apr;2(4):497-503.

Attenuation of leptin action and regulation of obesity by protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B.

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McGill Cancer Center, McGill University, H3G 1Y6, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Common obesity is primarily characterized by resistance to the actions of the hormone leptin. Mice deficient in protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) are resistant to diabetes and diet-induced obesity, prompting us to further define the relationship between PTP1B and leptin in modulating obesity. Leptin-deficient (Lep(ob/ob)) mice lacking PTP1B exhibit an attenuated weight gain, a decrease in adipose tissue, and an increase in resting metabolic rate. Furthermore, PTP1B-deficient mice show an enhanced response toward leptin-mediated weight loss and suppression of feeding. Hypothalami from these mice also display markedly increased leptin-induced Stat3 phosphorylation. Finally, substrate-trapping experiments demonstrate that leptin-activated Jak2, but not Stat3 or the leptin receptor, is a substrate of PTP1B. These results suggest that PTP1B negatively regulates leptin signaling, and provide one mechanism by which it may regulate obesity.

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