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Convection and thermodiffusion of colloidal gold tracers by laser light scattering.

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1
Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Universität Mainz, Welderweg 11, 55099 Mainz, Germany. wolfgang@hal2000.chemie.uni-mainz.de

Abstract

In a dynamic light scattering experiment, we have investigated the time intensity correlation function and the profile of the transmitted laser beam for organic dispersions of light absorbing colloidal particles containing tiny gold clusters. The correlation functions have been found to show a superposition of an exponential decay, corresponding to Brownian motion of the tracers, and well-defined oscillations. These oscillations are caused by convection due to local heating of the sample by the incident laser beam, which has been confirmed independently via measurements of the local temperature within the sample. It will be shown how the particle convection velocity, which is the order of 1 mm/s, can be obtained quantitatively from the oscillating correlation functions. The profile of the transmitted beam allowed us to determine the Soret coefficient, which is a measure for the thermal diffusion of the particles. This article shows how tracer diffusion, convection, and thermal diffusion can be determined simultaneously by one single experiment, laser light scattering of light absorbing colloidal particles in dispersion.

PMID:
11969994
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