Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Immunol. 2002 Mar;127(3):547-52.

Increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and metalloproteinase-1 by TGF-beta1 in synovial fibroblasts from rheumatoid arthritis and normal individuals.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, Korea University College of Medicine, Sungbuk-Gu, Seoul.


Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 is expressed abundantly in the rheumatoid synovium. In this study, the inflammatory effect of TGF-beta1 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was investigated using cultured fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA and osteoarthritis (OA) patients, as well as non-arthritic individuals. mRNA expressions of IL-1beta, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-8, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 were increased in RA and OA FLS by TGF-beta1 treatment, but not in non-arthritic FLS. Enhanced protein expression of IL-1beta, IL-8 and MMP-1 was also observed in RA FLS. Moreover, TGF-beta1 showed a synergistic effect in increasing protein expression of IL-1beta and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 with TNFalpha and IL-1beta, respectively. Biological activity of IL-1 determined by mouse thymocyte proliferation assay was also enhanced by 50% in response to TGF-beta1 in the culture supernatant of RA FLS. DNA binding activities of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and activator protein (AP)-1 were shown to increase by TGF-beta1 as well. These results suggest that TGF-beta1 contributes for the progression of inflammation and joint destruction in RA, and this effect is specific for the arthritic synovial fibroblasts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center