Send to

Choose Destination
Biophys J. 2002 May;82(5):2428-35.

Ca2+ activation of RyR1 is not necessary for the initiation of skeletal-type excitation-contraction coupling.

Author information

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA.


Although an elevation in myoplasmic Ca2+ can activate the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RyR1), the function of this Ca2+ activation is unclear because extracellular Ca2+ influx is unnecessary for skeletal-type EC coupling. To determine whether Ca2+ activation of RyR1 is necessary for the initiation of skeletal-type EC coupling, we examined the behavior of RyR1 with glutamate 4032 mutated to alanine (E4032A-RyR1) because this mutation had been shown to dramatically reduce activation by Ca2+. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 98:2865-2870). Analysis after reconstitution into planar lipid bilayers revealed that E4032A-RyR1 was negligibly activated by 100 microM Ca2+ (P(o) too low to be measured). Even in the presence of both 2 mM caffeine and 2 mM ATP, P(o) remained low for E4032A-RyR1 (ranging from <0.0001 in 100 microM free Ca2+ to 0.005 in 2 mM free Ca2+). Thus, the E4032A mutation caused a nearly complete suppression of activation of RyR1 by Ca2+. Depolarization of E4032A-RyR1-expressing myotubes elicited L-type Ca2+ currents of approximately normal size and myoplasmic Ca2+ transients that were skeletal-type, but about fivefold smaller than those for wild-type RyR1. The reduced amplitude of the Ca2+ transient is consistent either with the possibility that Ca2+ activation amplifies Ca2+ release during EC coupling, or that the E4032A mutation generally inhibits activation of RyR1. In either case, Ca2+ activation of RyR1 does not appear to be necessary for the initiation of Ca2+ release during EC coupling in skeletal muscle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center