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Nutr Cancer. 2001;40(2):125-33.

Effects of lyophilized black raspberries on azoxymethane-induced colon cancer and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels in the Fischer 344 rat.

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1
Department of Food Sciences and Technology, College of Food, Agriculture, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

Abstract

This study examined the effects of lyophilized black raspberries (BRB) on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced aberrant crypt foci (ACF), colon tumors, and urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels in male Fischer 344 rats. AOM was injected (15 mg/kg body wt i.p.) once per week for 2 wk. At 24 h after the final injection, AOM-treated rats began consuming diets containing 0%, 2.5%, 5%, or 10% (wt/wt) BRB. Vehicle controls received 5% BRB or diet only. Rats were sacrificed after 9 and 33 wk of BRB feeding for ACF enumeration and tumor analysis. ACF multiplicity decreased 36%, 24%, and 21% (P < 0.01 for all groups) in the 2.5%, 5%, and 10% BRB groups, respectively, relative to the AOM-only group. Total tumor multiplicity declined 42%, 45%, and 71% (P < 0.05 for all groups). Although not significant, a decrease in tumor burden (28%, 42%, and 75%) was observed in all BRB groups. Adenocarcinoma multiplicity decreased 28%, 35%, and 80% (P < 0.01) in the same treatment groups. Urinary 8-OHdG levels were reduced by 73%, 81%, and 83% (P < 0.01 for all groups). These results indicate that BRB inhibit several measures of AOM-induced colon carcinogenesis and modulate an important marker of oxidative stress in the Fischer 344 rat.

PMID:
11962247
DOI:
10.1207/S15327914NC402_8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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