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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2002 May;13(5):1331-7.

Riboflavin is a determinant of total homocysteine plasma concentrations in end-stage renal disease patients.

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Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Department of Medicine III, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


The effect of thiamine (vitamin B(1)) or riboflavin (vitamin B(2)) availability on fasting total homocysteine (tHcy) plasma levels in end-stage renal disease patients is unknown. A cross-sectional study was performed in a population of non-vitamin supplemented patients maintained on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Red blood cell availability of thiamine (alpha-ETK) and of riboflavin (alpha-EGR), along with other predictors of tHcy plasma levels, was considered in the analysis. There was a linear association of alpha-EGR with tHcy plasma concentrations (P = 0.009), which was not observed for alpha-ETK. Among red blood cell vitamins, alpha-EGR was the only predictor of tHcy levels (P = 0.035), whereas alpha-ETK, red blood cell pyridoxal-5-phosphate supply (alpha-EGOT) and red blood cell folate levels had no effect. The risk for having a high tHcy plasma levels within the fourth quartile (plasma tHcy >38.3 micromol/L) was increased by an alpha-EGR > median (odds ratio, 4.706; 95% confidence interval, 1.124 to 19.704; P = 0.026). By way of contrast, alpha-ETK had no effect in these analyses. Independent predictors of tHcy plasma levels were serum albumin, alpha-EGR, red blood cell folate, and certain MTHFR genotypes. A logistic regression analysis showed that the MTHFR genotype is a predictor for having a tHcy plasma concentration within the fourth quartile. In summary, riboflavin availability, as measured by alpha-EGR, is a determinant of fasting tHcy plasma levels in peritoneal dialysis patients. This finding may have implications for tHcy lowering therapy in individuals with end-stage renal disease.

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