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Oncogene. 2002 Mar 27;21(13):2037-50.

UCS15A, a novel small molecule, SH3 domain-mediated protein-protein interaction blocking drug.

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Tokyo Research Laboratories, Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd 3-6-6 Asahi-cho, Machida-shi, Tokyo 194, Japan.


Protein-protein interactions play critical regulatory roles in mediating signal transduction. Previous studies have identified an unconventional, small-molecule, Src signal transduction inhibitor, UCS15A. UCS15A differed from conventional Src-inhibitors in that it did not alter the levels or the tyrosine kinase activity of Src. Our studies suggested that UCS15A exerted its Src-inhibitory effects by a novel mechanism that involved the disruption of protein-protein interactions mediated by Src. In the present study we have examined the ability of UCS15A to disrupt the interaction of Src-SH3 with Sam68, both in vivo and in vitro. This ability of UCS15A was not restricted to Src-SH3 mediated protein-protein interactions, since the drug was capable of disrupting the in vivo interactions of Sam68 with other SH3 domain containing proteins such as Grb2 and PLCgamma. In addition, UCS15A was capable of disrupting other typical SH3-mediated protein-protein interactions such as Grb2-Sos1, cortactin-ZO1, as well as atypical SH3-mediated protein-protein interactions such as Grb2-Gab1. However, UCS15A was unable to disrupt the non-SH3-mediated protein-protein interactions of beta-catenin, with E-cadherin and alpha-catenin. In addition, UCS15A had no effect on the SH2-mediated interaction between Grb2 and activated Epidermal Growth Factor receptor. Thus, the ability of UCS15A, to disrupt protein-protein interactions appeared to be restricted to SH3-mediated protein-protein interactions. In this regard, UCS15A represents the first example of a non-peptide, small molecule agent capable of disrupting SH3-mediated protein-protein interactions. In vitro analyses suggested that UCS15A did not bind to the SH3 domain itself but rather may interact directly with the target proline-rich domains.

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