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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jun 21;277(25):22191-200. Epub 2002 Apr 15.

New signaling pathway for parathyroid hormone and cyclic AMP action on extracellular-regulated kinase and cell proliferation in bone cells. Checkpoint of modulation by cyclic AMP.

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Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Setsunan University, Hirakata, Japan 573-0101. t-fujita@pharm,setsunan


cAMP signaling, activated by extracellular stimuli such as parathyroid hormone, has cell type-specific effects important for cellular proliferation and differentiation in bone cells. Recent evidence of a second enzyme target for cAMP suggests divergent effects on extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) activity depending on Epac/Rap1/B-Raf signaling. We investigated the molecular mechanism of the dual functionality of cAMP on cell proliferation in clonal bone cell types. MC3T3-E1 and ATDC5, but not MG63, express a 95-kDa isoform of B-Raf. cAMP stimulated Ras-independent and Rap1-dependent ERK phosphorylation and cell proliferation in B-Raf-expressing cells, but inhibited growth in B-Raf-lacking cells. The mitogenic action of cAMP was blocked by the ERK pathway inhibitor PD98059. In B-Raf-transduced MG63 cells, cAMP stimulated ERK activation and cell proliferation. Thus, B-Raf is the dominant molecular switch that permits differential cAMP-dependent regulation of ERK with important implications for cell proliferation in bone cells. These findings might explain the dual functionality of parathyroid hormone on osteoblastic cell proliferation.

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